Does Your Water Contain an Unsafe Level of Tetrachloroethylene?


Today, I’ll continue my review of some of the more common drinking water contaminants with a look at Tetrachloroethylene. I’ll touch on how Tetrachloroethylene can affect water quality, and I’ll also share information on things you can do to minimize your family’s exposure to the contaminant.

Tetrachloroethylene is a non-flammable, colorless chemical that may be potentially harmful if ingested. It usually gets into our drinking water supply through waste discharged from dry cleaners and factories. Consuming water containing Tetrachloroethylene at levels in excess of 0.00 mg/L can cause adverse health effects.

Fortunately, Tetrachloroethylene is one of the drinking water contaminants regulated by the EPA. This means public water companies are required to monitor their water supply for Tetrachloroethylene and work to ensure the water they provide their customers does not exceed the legal limit for the contaminant. However, even with this standard in place, it’s still possible for your tap water to contain excessive amounts of Tetrachloroethylene. Using data from the EPA, I estimated as many as 166 thousand Americans were exposed to water with potentially unsafe Tetrachloroethylene levels at least once from 2010 to 2019.

How Tetrachloroethylene Can Affect Water Quality and Your Health

Unlike other contaminants, which can occur naturally in water, Tetrachloroethylene gets into our water supply primarily through waste disposal and other actions by humans.

What is Tetrachloroethylene, exactly?  Tetrachloroethylene is a chemical used in dry cleaning, metal degreasing, and the manufacture of other chemicals.

How can drinking water that contains Tetrachloroethylene affect your health? If you consume water that contains elevated levels of Tetrachloroethylene over many years, you may develop liver problems, and you may have an increased risk of cancer.

At what level can Tetrachloroethylene cause health problems? Tetrachloroethylene is known to cause adverse health effects when its concentration in drinking water is above 0 mg/L.

In an effort to protect our health, the EPA established legally enforceable standards to limit the amount of Tetrachloroethylene in our drinking water. Public water companies are required to ensure the concentration of Tetrachloroethylene in the water they provide their customers is kept at or below 0.005 mg/L.

Given available treatment technology, water utility companies should be able to provide drinking water that meets this quality standard. However, at least one public water system violated the regulatory limit for Tetrachloroethylene in 2019.

Does Your Drinking Water Contain a Harmful Amount of Tetrachloroethylene?

Public water companies are required to provide customers with an annual water quality report, also known as a Consumer Confidence Report (CCR). Inside this report, you’ll find important information about your drinking water, including where it comes from, and whether it tested positive for any regulated contaminants like Tetrachloroethylene.

Most Populated Areas with Violations for Tetrachloroethylene from 2010 to 2019

Town/
Water System
Population
Served
East Orange, NJ
East Orange Water Commission
75,000
Plainview, NY
Plainview WD
35,000
Garfield, NJ
Garfield Water Department
30,487
Hopatcong, NJ
Hopatcong Water Dept
7,224
Allendale, NJ
Allendale Water Dept
6,702

If you’re curious to know how much Tetrachloroethylene was found in your city’s drinking water, grab a copy of the latest CCR and look for the section of the report that covers “Organic Chemicals.” Here, you’ll find test results for Tetrachloroethylene as well as other contaminants like Benzene and Toluene.

How to Interpret Your Water Quality Report

When looking at your water quality report, you’ll see test results for Tetrachloroethylene reported in Parts per Billion (ppb). 1 mg/L equals 1,000 ppb, so 0.005 mg/L is equivalent to 5 ppb.

Below is an example of what you might see on your annual water quality report if Tetrachloroethylene is detected in your town’s drinking water:


Example Water Quality Report

Contaminant
(Units)
MCLG (1)MCL (2)Average
Detected/
Your Water
Range
Detected
Violation
(Y/N)
Tetrachloroethylene
(ppb)
0584-12Y

Definitions from the EPA:
1. Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) – The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety and are non-enforceable public health goals.
2. Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) – The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology and taking cost into consideration. MCLs are enforceable standards.


In this example, water samples contained an average of 8 ppb of Tetrachloroethylene, exceeding both the public health goal level (MCLG) and the legal limit (MCL) for the contaminant.

Will You Be Notified If Your Water Contains an Unsafe Level of Tetrachloroethylene?

In addition to providing you with an annual quality report, your water company is required by the EPA to notify you if they identify a problem with your drinking water.

If your water company delivers water that could negatively impact your health, they have to notify you of the situation within the timeframe set by the EPA. Depending on the severity of the issue, the company is given 24 hours to 30 days to provide this notice.

If your city’s water exceeds the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) for Tetrachloroethylene, your water company must notify you within 30 days of the violation. Typically, you will receive this notice via the media or through the mail.

What Can You Do to Remove Tetrachloroethylene from Your Tap Water?

Fortunately, if you want to limit your family’s exposure to Tetrachloroethylene, there are several affordable yet effective options for removing the contaminant from your tap water.

But how can you tell which products work and which ones don’t? Well, if you want peace of mind, I recommend choosing a water treatment product that is certified by NSF International (NSF) to be effective at removing Tetrachloroethylene from water.

What does the NSF certification represent? When a product is NSF certified to remove Tetrachloroethylene, you can rest assured that:

  • the manufacturer’s contaminant reduction claims have been verified;
  • the system was tested to confirm it adds nothing harmful to the water;
  • the system has been found to be structurally sound;
  • the product’s advertising, literature, and labeling have all been verified as accurate;
  • and there is testing in place to determine whether the quality of the product is consistent over time.

Do all NSF certified water filters work against Tetrachloroethylene? Water treatment devices can earn certification for meeting one or more NSF standards or protocols. But only those products that meet NSF standard NSF/ANSI 53 for Tetrachloroethylene are certified to reduce the amount of the contaminant that’s in your water.

One such product, the Clean Water Machine by Aquasana, is NSF certified to remove up to 99% of the Tetrachloroethylene found in your tap water. The device sits on your countertop and does not require a lengthy installation process so you can set it up in a matter of minutes.

3 steps for selecting the right water treatment system for your family:

  1. Review your area’s annual water quality report to find out what’s in your drinking water.
  2. Determine which contaminants you’d like to reduce from your water.
  3. Select a water treatment product that is NSF certified to work effectively against those contaminants you’d like to reduce from your tap water.

Just remember, no matter which water treatment product you choose, you need to make sure to perform the routine maintenance suggested by the manufacturer. This will help keep the device in proper working order and limit your family’s exposure to Tetrachloroethylene.


Sources

Paul

I’ve moved several times over the years, so I know just how stressful it can be to relocate. I want to help put your mind at ease. That’s why I research and write about all the things I think you should consider when moving to a new town.

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