Elkhart, IN

Elkhart, IN

The City of Elkhart is home to an estimated 52,558 residents, and it’s located in Elkhart County, IN.

This report will help you become better acquainted with Elkhart and the surrounding area by addressing the following questions:

  • Are there any hazardous sites in Elkhart County, IN?
  • How clean is the air in Elkhart County, IN?
  • What’s the average radon level for homes in Elkhart County, IN?
  • Is the water in Elkhart County, IN safe to drink?

Hazardous Sites near Elkhart, IN

There are six Superfund sites in Elkhart County, IN. Superfund sites, like Lusher Street Ground Water Contamination in Elkhart, IN, are areas that have been contaminated with hazardous substances. If not for the cleanup efforts orchestrated by the EPA, these sites could endanger people living in nearby communities.

The EPA uses the Hazardous Ranking System (HRS) to quantify the risk a contaminated site poses to human health and the environment. Sites assigned HRS scores of 28.5 or greater qualify for placement on the National Priorities List (NPL), and are eligible to receive federal funding for cleanup efforts.

Before the EPA deletes a site from the NPL, it conducts reviews to ensure the cleanup was sufficient. As a result, some sites remain on the active site list long after cleanup activities are complete.

For more information about the Superfund sites located in the Elkhart, IN area, be sure to review the map and background information provided below:

Map Legend:


A. Lusher Street Ground Water Contamination (HRS Score: 50)

The Lusher Street Ground Water Contamination site, which consists of a groundwater plume containing Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), is located in Elkhart, IN.

Contaminants found at the Lusher Street Ground Water Contamination site include:

  • Chloroform
  • 1,1-Dichloroethane
  • Trichloroethene
  • Tetrachloroethene

B. North Shore Drive (HRS Score: 50)

The North Shore Drive site, which includes 47 residences and a few commercial establishments, is located in Elkhart, IN.


C. Conrail Rail Yard (Elkhart) (HRS Score: 42)

The Conrail Rail Yard (Elkhart) site, which consists of a rail yard, a drag strip and other areas affected by contamination, is located in Elkhart, IN.

Contaminants found at the Conrail Rail Yard (Elkhart) site include:

  • Chloroform
  • Chloroethene (Vinyl Chloride)
  • Carbon Tetrachloride
  • Trichloroethene
  • 1,2-Dichloroethene (Cis And Trans Mixture)

D. Himco Dump (HRS Score: 42)

The Himco Dump site, the location of an unlicensed landfill from 1960 to 1976, is located in Elkhart, IN.

Contaminants found at the Himco Dump site include:

  • Aluminum
  • Antimony
  • Arsenic
  • Barium
  • Benzene

E. Main Street Well Field (HRS Score: 42)

The Main Street Well Field site, which consists of groundwater containing Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), is located in Elkhart, IN.

Contaminants found at the Main Street Well Field site include:

  • Antimony
  • Arsenic
  • Barium
  • Lead
  • Mercury

F. Lane Street Ground Water Contamination (HRS Score: 41)

The Lane Street Ground Water Contamination site, which contains a groundwater contamination plume caused by an unidentified source, is located in Elkhart, IN.

Contaminants found at the Lane Street Ground Water Contamination site include:

  • 1,1-Dichloroethane
  • Cis-1,2-Dichloroethene
  • Trichloroethene
  • Tetrachloroethene
  • Chloroethene (Vinyl Chloride)

Air Quality in the Elkhart, IN Area

The two most widespread forms of air pollution are ozone (smog) and particle pollution (soot). Exposure to these harmful pollutants, for even just a short period, can have adverse effects on your health.

Thanks to data collected by air monitoring equipment located across the country, the American Lung Association (ALA) is able to assess and track our air quality using three metrics:

  • Ozone
  • Short-term Particle Pollution
  • Year-round Particle Pollution

In their 2019 annual report, the ALA rated the air quality in Elkhart County, IN as follows:

Ozone Pollution

Grading Scale: A-F

Particle Pollution

Grading Scale: A-F

Particle Pollution

Grading Scale: Pass/Fail

Radon Levels in Elkhart, IN Area

Air quality inside your home can be impacted by a number of factors, including the presence of hazardous substances in building materials (asbestos, lead, formaldehyde, etc.) and local radon levels.

Radon is a naturally occurring gas you cannot see or smell. It can build up inside your home and negatively impact your indoor air quality as well as your health.

To provide a guideline, the EPA assigned one of three zones to each U.S. county and county equivalent:

  • Zone 1 (higher radon levels)
  • Zone 2 (moderate levels)
  • Zone 3 (lower levels)

The average indoor radon reading in Elkhart County, IN is predicted to be higher than 4 picocuries per liter (pCi/L), so the county has been assigned EPA Radon Zone 1.

EPA Radon Zone

The EPA Recommends acting to reduce your home's radon level if it's measured at 4 pCi/L or greater. So, if you're thinking about purchasing a home in Elkhart, IN, you should strongly consider having a radon test performed.

Water Quality in Elkhart, IN Area

In accordance with the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), the EPA sets regulatory limits for drinking water contaminants known to cause adverse health effects.

The following Elkhart County, IN water provider(s) violated the maximum allowable level for one or more regulated contaminants:

Filter ValueWater SystemContaminantHealth Effects
18039Pine Hill Manufactured Home CommunityArsenicSkin damage or problems with circulatory systems, and may have increased risk of getting cancer
18039Skyview Mobile Home ParkNitrateInfants below the age of six months who drink water containing nitrate in excess of the MCL could become seriously ill and, if untreated, may die. Symptoms include shortness of breath and blue-baby syndrome. 

In addition to setting enforceable standards for harmful contaminants, the EPA also established guidelines to assist public water providers in managing the taste, odor and color of their drinking water.

To find out more about what’s in your drinking water, contact your utility company and request a copy of the latest Consumer Confidence Report.

Sources and Methods

Hazardous Sites: Identified using a report from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), hazardous sites detailed on trendingtowns.com represent sites contained on the National Priorities List (NPL) as of November 25, 2019.  The NPL is the list of national priorities among the known releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants throughout the United States and its territories.  All site-related data was sourced from the EPA.

Air Quality: Grades for ozone, short-term particle pollution, and year-round particle pollution were obtained from State of the Air 2019, a report compiled by the American Lung Association.

Radon Zones: Radon zone designations were obtained using a public use dataset provided by the EPA (September 11, 2019).

Water Quality: Drinking water violation data was sourced from the Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS), a public use database provided by the EPA.  The dataset included violations submitted to the database as of the third quarter of 2019.


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