Carmel, NY

Carmel, NY

The City of Carmel is home to an estimated 34,328 residents, and it’s located in Putnam County, NY.

This report will help you become better acquainted with Carmel and the surrounding area by addressing the following questions:

  • Are there any hazardous sites in Putnam County, NY?
  • How clean is the air in Putnam County, NY?
  • What’s the average radon level for homes in Putnam County, NY?
  • Is the water in Putnam County, NY safe to drink?

Hazardous Sites near Carmel, NY

There are two Superfund sites in Putnam County, NY. Superfund sites, like Brewster Well Field in Putnam County, NY, are areas that have been contaminated with hazardous substances. If not for the cleanup efforts orchestrated by the EPA, these sites could endanger people living in nearby communities.

The EPA uses the Hazardous Ranking System (HRS) to quantify the risk a contaminated site poses to human health and the environment. Sites assigned HRS scores of 28.5 or greater qualify for placement on the National Priorities List (NPL), and are eligible to receive federal funding for cleanup efforts.

Before the EPA deletes a site from the NPL, it conducts reviews to ensure the cleanup was sufficient. As a result, some sites remain on the active site list long after cleanup activities are complete.

For more information about the Superfund sites located in the Carmel, NY area, be sure to review the map and background information provided below:

Map Legend:


A. Brewster Well Field (HRS Score: 38)

The Brewster Well Field site is located in Putnam County, NY.

Contaminants found at the Brewster Well Field site include:

  • Benzene
  • Chloroform
  • Ethylbenzene
  • Dibutyl Phthalate
  • Trans-1,2-Dichloroethene

B. Arsenic Mine (HRS Score: No Data)

The Arsenic Mine site is located in Kent, NY.

Air Quality in the Carmel, NY Area

The two most widespread forms of air pollution are ozone (smog) and particle pollution (soot). Exposure to these harmful pollutants, for even just a short period, can have adverse effects on your health.

Thanks to data collected by air monitoring equipment located across the country, the American Lung Association (ALA) is able to assess and track our air quality using three metrics:

  • Ozone
  • Short-term Particle Pollution
  • Year-round Particle Pollution

In their 2019 annual report, the ALA rated the air quality in Putnam County, NY as follows:

Ozone Pollution

Grading Scale: A-F

Particle Pollution

Grading Scale: A-F

Particle Pollution

Grading Scale: Pass/Fail

DNC (Data Not Collected): Data on associated pollutants were not collected in this county or county equivalent.
INC (Incomplete): Associated pollutants are being monitored in this county or county equivalent, but data were insufficient to assign a grade.

Radon Levels in Carmel, NY Area

Air quality inside your home can be impacted by a number of factors, including the presence of hazardous substances in building materials (asbestos, lead, formaldehyde, etc.) and local radon levels.

Radon is a naturally occurring gas you cannot see or smell. It can build up inside your home and negatively impact your indoor air quality as well as your health.

To provide a guideline, the EPA assigned one of three zones to each U.S. county and county equivalent:

  • Zone 1 (higher radon levels)
  • Zone 2 (moderate levels)
  • Zone 3 (lower levels)

The average indoor radon reading in Putnam County, NY is predicted to be higher than 4 picocuries per liter (pCi/L), so the county has been assigned EPA Radon Zone 1.

EPA Radon Zone

The EPA Recommends acting to reduce your home's radon level if it's measured at 4 pCi/L or greater. So, if you're thinking about purchasing a home in Carmel, NY, you should strongly consider having a radon test performed.

Water Quality in Carmel, NY Area

In accordance with the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), the EPA sets regulatory limits for drinking water contaminants known to cause adverse health effects.

The following Putnam County, NY water provider(s) violated the maximum allowable level for one or more regulated contaminants:

Filter ValueWater SystemContaminantHealth Effects
36079Brewster HeightsTotal Haloacetic Acids (HAA5)Increased risk of cancer 
36079Carmel WD 8TTHMLiver, kidney, or central nervous system problems; increased risk of cancer 
36079Covington Green CondominiumCombined Radium (-226 and -228)Increased risk of cancer 
36079Gipsy Trail ClubArsenicSkin damage or problems with circulatory systems, and may have increased risk of getting cancer
36079Highfields CondoCombined Radium (-226 and -228)Increased risk of cancer 
36079Hillcrest Water DistrictCis-1,2-DichloroethyleneLiver problems 
36079Hillcrest Water DistrictTetrachloroethyleneLiver problems; increased risk of cancer 
36079Hillcrest Water DistrictTrichloroethyleneLiver problems; increased risk of cancer 
36079Plaza At Clover LakeCombined Radium (-226 and -228)Increased risk of cancer 
36079Springhouse Estates W.W. Corp.Total Haloacetic Acids (HAA5)Increased risk of cancer 
36079Springhouse Estates W.W. Corp.TTHMLiver, kidney, or central nervous system problems; increased risk of cancer 
36079Twin Brook Manor CondominiumTTHMLiver, kidney, or central nervous system problems; increased risk of cancer 

In addition to setting enforceable standards for harmful contaminants, the EPA also established guidelines to assist public water providers in managing the taste, odor and color of their drinking water.

To find out more about what’s in your drinking water, contact your utility company and request a copy of the latest Consumer Confidence Report.

Sources and Methods

Hazardous Sites: Identified using a report from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), hazardous sites detailed on represent sites contained on the National Priorities List (NPL) as of November 25, 2019.  The NPL is the list of national priorities among the known releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants throughout the United States and its territories.  All site-related data was sourced from the EPA.

Air Quality: Grades for ozone, short-term particle pollution, and year-round particle pollution were obtained from State of the Air 2019, a report compiled by the American Lung Association.

Radon Zones: Radon zone designations were obtained using a public use dataset provided by the EPA (September 11, 2019).

Water Quality: Drinking water violation data was sourced from the Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS), a public use database provided by the EPA.  The dataset included violations submitted to the database as of the third quarter of 2019.


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