Oyster Bay, NY


Oyster Bay, NY

The City of Oyster Bay is home to an estimated 298,655 residents, and it’s located in Nassau County, NY.

This report will help you become better acquainted with Oyster Bay and the surrounding area by addressing the following questions:

  • Are there any hazardous sites in Nassau County, NY?
  • How clean is the air in Nassau County, NY?
  • What’s the average radon level for homes in Nassau County, NY?
  • Is the water in Nassau County, NY safe to drink?

Hazardous Sites near Oyster Bay, NY

There are 14 Superfund sites in Nassau County, NY. Superfund sites, like Old Bethpage Landfill in Oyster Bay, NY, are areas that have been contaminated with hazardous substances. If not for the cleanup efforts orchestrated by the EPA, these sites could endanger people living in nearby communities.

The EPA uses the Hazardous Ranking System (HRS) to quantify the risk a contaminated site poses to human health and the environment. Sites assigned HRS scores of 28.5 or greater qualify for placement on the National Priorities List (NPL), and are eligible to receive federal funding for cleanup efforts.

Before the EPA deletes a site from the NPL, it conducts reviews to ensure the cleanup was sufficient. As a result, some sites remain on the active site list long after cleanup activities are complete.

For more information about the Superfund sites located in the Oyster Bay, NY area, be sure to review the map and background information provided below:


Map Legend:

36059

A. Old Bethpage Landfill (HRS Score: 59)

The Old Bethpage Landfill site is located in Oyster Bay, NY.

Contaminants found at the Old Bethpage Landfill site include:

  • Barium
  • Benzene
  • Cadmium
  • Chloroform
  • Cyanide
36059

B. Liberty Industrial Finishing (HRS Score: 51)

The Liberty Industrial Finishing site is located in Farmingdale, NY.

Contaminants found at the Liberty Industrial Finishing site include:

  • Cadmium
  • Chromium
  • Chloroethene (Vinyl Chloride)
  • Trichloroethene
  • Manganese
36059

C. Li Tungsten Corp. (HRS Score: 50)

The Li Tungsten Corp. site is located in Glen Cove, NY.

The EPA found dangerous levels of Arsenic, and Lead at the Li Tungsten Corp. site.

36059

D. New Cassel/Hicksville Ground Water Contamination (HRS Score: 50)

The New Cassel/Hicksville Ground Water Contamination site is located in New Cassel/Hicksville, NY.

Contaminants found at the New Cassel/Hicksville Ground Water Contamination site include:

  • Chloroform
  • Trichloroethene
  • 1,1,2-Trichloroethane
  • 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
  • Cis-1,2-Dichloroethene
36059

E. Old Roosevelt Field Contaminated GW Area (HRS Score: 50)

The Old Roosevelt Field Contaminated GW Area site is located in Garden City, NY.

Contaminants found at the Old Roosevelt Field Contaminated GW Area site include:

  • Trichloroethene
  • Tetrachloroethene
  • 1,1-Dichloroethene
  • Cis-1,2-Dichloroethene
  • Carbon Tetrachloride
36059

F. Peninsula Boulevard Groundwater Plume (HRS Score: 50)

The Peninsula Boulevard Groundwater Plume site is located in Hewlett, NY.

Contaminants found at the Peninsula Boulevard Groundwater Plume site include:

  • Benzene
  • Chloroethene (Vinyl Chloride)
  • Cis-1,2-Dichloroethene
  • Trichloroethene
  • 2-Methoxy-2-Methylpropane (MTBE)
36059

G. Port Washington Landfill (HRS Score: 45)

The Port Washington Landfill site is located in Port Washington, NY.

Contaminants found at the Port Washington Landfill site include:

  • Antimony
  • Arsenic
  • Barium
  • Benzene
  • Cadmium
36059

H. Hooker Chemical & Plastics Corp./Ruco Polymer Corp. (HRS Score: 42)

The Hooker Chemical & Plastics Corp./Ruco Polymer Corp. site is located in Hicksville, NY.

Contaminants found at the Hooker Chemical & Plastics Corp./Ruco Polymer Corp. site include:

  • Aluminum
  • Antimony
  • Arsenic
  • Barium
  • Benzene
36059

I. Applied Environmental Services (HRS Score: 41)

The Applied Environmental Services site is located in Glenwood Landing, NY.

Contaminants found at the Applied Environmental Services site include:

  • Benzene
  • Lead
  • Bis(2-Ethylhexyl)Phthalate
  • Toluene
  • Tetrachloroethene
36059

J. Stanton Cleaners Area Ground Water Contamination (HRS Score: 36)

The Stanton Cleaners Area Ground Water Contamination site, which includes a former dry cleaning building and an adjacent boiler/storage building, is located in Great Neck, NY.

The EPA found dangerous levels of Trichloroethene, and Tetrachloroethene at the Stanton Cleaners Area Ground Water Contamination site.

36059

K. Genzale Plating Co. (HRS Score: 34)

The Genzale Plating Co. site is located in Franklin Square, NY.

Contaminants found at the Genzale Plating Co. site include:

  • Antimony
  • Arsenic
  • Barium
  • Benzene
  • Beryllium
36059

L. Fulton Avenue (HRS Score: 33)

The Fulton Avenue site is located in Garden City Park, NY.

The EPA found dangerous levels of Trichloroethene, and Tetrachloroethene at the Fulton Avenue site.

36059

M. Claremont Polychemical (HRS Score: 32)

The Claremont Polychemical site is located in Old Bethpage, NY.

Contaminants found at the Claremont Polychemical site include:

  • Aluminum
  • Arsenic
  • Asbestos
  • Benzene
  • Cadmium
36059

N. Mattiace Petrochemical Co., Inc. (HRS Score: 32)

The Mattiace Petrochemical Co., Inc. site is located in Glen Cove, NY.

Contaminants found at the Mattiace Petrochemical Co., Inc. site include:

  • Arsenic
  • Barium
  • Benzene
  • Beryllium
  • Cadmium

Air Quality in the Oyster Bay, NY Area

The two most widespread forms of air pollution are ozone (smog) and particle pollution (soot). Exposure to these harmful pollutants, for even just a short period, can have adverse effects on your health.

Thanks to data collected by air monitoring equipment located across the country, the American Lung Association (ALA) is able to assess and track our air quality using three metrics:

  • Ozone
  • Short-term Particle Pollution
  • Year-round Particle Pollution

In their 2019 annual report, the ALA rated the air quality in Nassau County, NY as follows:

Ground-Level
Ozone Pollution

Grading Scale: A-F

Short-Term
Particle Pollution

Grading Scale: A-F

Year-Round
Particle Pollution

Grading Scale: Pass/Fail

DNC (Data Not Collected): Data on associated pollutants were not collected in this county or county equivalent.
INC (Incomplete): Associated pollutants are being monitored in this county or county equivalent, but data were insufficient to assign a grade.

Radon Levels in Oyster Bay, NY Area

Air quality inside your home can be impacted by a number of factors, including the presence of hazardous substances in building materials (asbestos, lead, formaldehyde, etc.) and local radon levels.

Radon is a naturally occurring gas you cannot see or smell. It can build up inside your home and negatively impact your indoor air quality as well as your health.

To provide a guideline, the EPA assigned one of three zones to each U.S. county and county equivalent:

  • Zone 1 (higher radon levels)
  • Zone 2 (moderate levels)
  • Zone 3 (lower levels)

The average indoor radon reading in Nassau County, NY is predicted to be less than 2 picocuries per liter (pCi/L), so the county has been assigned EPA Radon Zone 3.

EPA Radon Zone

But, it's worth mentioning homes with elevated levels of radon have been found in all three radon zones. So, despite the fact Oyster Bay, NY is in EPA Radon Zone 3, you should have a radon test performed on any home you purchase in the area.

Water Quality in Oyster Bay, NY Area

In accordance with the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), the EPA sets regulatory limits for drinking water contaminants known to cause adverse health effects.

The following Nassau County, NY water provider(s) violated the maximum allowable level for one or more regulated contaminants:

Filter ValueWater SystemContaminantHealth Effects
36059Bethpage WDTrichloroethyleneLiver problems; increased risk of cancer 
36059Garden City (V)TetrachloroethyleneLiver problems; increased risk of cancer 
36059Garden City (V)TrichloroethyleneLiver problems; increased risk of cancer 
36059Hempstead (V)TrichloroethyleneLiver problems; increased risk of cancer 
36059Hicksville WDTetrachloroethyleneLiver problems; increased risk of cancer 
36059Plainview WDCis-1,2-DichloroethyleneLiver problems 
36059Plainview WDTetrachloroethyleneLiver problems; increased risk of cancer 

In addition to setting enforceable standards for harmful contaminants, the EPA also established guidelines to assist public water providers in managing the taste, odor and color of their drinking water.

To find out more about what’s in your drinking water, contact your utility company and request a copy of the latest Consumer Confidence Report.


Sources and Methods

Hazardous Sites: Identified using a report from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), hazardous sites detailed on trendingtowns.com represent sites contained on the National Priorities List (NPL) as of November 25, 2019.  The NPL is the list of national priorities among the known releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants throughout the United States and its territories.  All site-related data was sourced from the EPA.

Air Quality: Grades for ozone, short-term particle pollution, and year-round particle pollution were obtained from State of the Air 2019, a report compiled by the American Lung Association.

Radon Zones: Radon zone designations were obtained using a public use dataset provided by the EPA (September 11, 2019).

Water Quality: Drinking water violation data was sourced from the Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS), a public use database provided by the EPA.  The dataset included violations submitted to the database as of the third quarter of 2019.

Paul

I’ve moved several times over the years, so I know just how stressful it can be to relocate. I want to help put your mind at ease. That’s why I research and write about all the things I think you should consider when moving to a new town.

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